The Conrad-Demarest Type of Empire: Basics for the Roman, Ryan Chinese
I. Necessary preconditions for the rise of empires:
a. State-level authorities:
Rome: republic then disposition with chief
Han: stored most of Qin centralized authorities in place
m. High gardening potential in the area:
The italian capital: wheat, grapes, cattle
Ryan: wheat, millet, pigs
c. An environmental mosaic
The italian capital: Alps, Mediterranean Sea, forests, Tiber and other estuaries and rivers, hills Ryan: Tianshan mountains, Yellow and Yangtze Streams, loess soil, Pacific Ocean.
g. Several small states with no clearly dominating state (power vacuum) The italian capital and other city-states on Italian language peninsula; adjacent states in Mediterranean (Greek states, Egypt, Judea, Syria, Cyprus, Gaul, Romania, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, and so forth ) Ryan: Qin pennyless into smaller sized states
at the. Mutual antagonisms among these states:
Rome: rivalry among pastoralists in hills and agriculturalists in plains Ryan: Warring States period ahead of Qin unification
f. Sufficient military solutions:
Rome: soldiers first recruited only from peasant class in Italian peninsula; population infinite. Han: Soldiers recruited by peasant course within the entire empire; population inexhaustible. II. The primary reason a state been successful in disposition building was: a. An ideology assisting personal recognition with the point out, empire, conquest and militarism: Rome: " republicвЂќ depending on citizenship of free men; citizenship ensured loyalty to the condition and brought taxes in the state treasury; emperor-dictators needed to support the thought of the republic and imagine to follow the actual Senate, council of older wealthy men, decreed. Progress bureaucracy helped run empire.
Han: Militaristic Legalism developed by Qin continuing, then softened by Confucian system of federal government based on ethics, meritocracy, and concept of the Mandate of Heaven. Development of bureaucracy helped run empire. Tribute program for...