3) Talk about the psychological evidence about the relationship between personality, tension and disease.
Many psychologists believe that tension is a common reason for many health problems, both physically and psychologically. So how will do a person's character contribute to all their levels of anxiety and thus make sure they are a goal for linked to stress illnesses such as coronary heart disease? This essay aims to look at meanings for stress and individuality and see the way the relationship among these can generate disease in the human body. The essay will also look at proof for anxiety and its have an effect on on into the personality types and how anxiety is connected with them. Anxiety can be defined as вЂa physical, mental, or emotional reaction as a result of individual's response to environmental stress, conflicts, demands and similar stimuli' (Fontana & Abouserie, 1993). Introduced to the world by a physiologist called Walter Cannon in 1914 and introduced to the clinical field with experiment by simply Hans Seyle throughout the thirties, stress is regarded as a actual response, having a stress creating stimulus known as a stress factor. This article aims to summarize how character is related to tension and how in the end this can bring about disease within a person's body system as well as analysing existing proof of the link among personality and disease. Kiecolt-Glaser performed many investigations on individuals to see if stress had an influence on the immune system. The goal of her experiments were not to determine if tension had an influence on psychological or physical health, but to see if stress to see if the immune system would decrease during periods of anxiety, leaving the body vulnerable to colds and other prevalent illnesses. Your woman found, through using control groups, that people in a lot more stressful scenarios would have a far weaker disease fighting capability (Kiecolt-Glaser ou al, 1984, 1987) Persona can be defined as вЂa person's exclusive pattern of traits' (Guilford 1959). They are the individual differences that define a person, making each person distinct. Personalities may, however , end up being categorised in order that people can be grouped and viewed as a personality type. There are many methods to categorise several types of personalities or personality traits, just like Sheldon's Body Dimensions theory in 1942. This proposed that people take action a certain method depending upon all their physical appearance. Nevertheless , concerning into the its regards to personality many psychologists make use of Friedman and Rosenman's division of Type A or Type B. The job by Friedman and Rosenman examined Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), suggesting that a selected personality attribute would raise the vulnerability of such a stress-related health issues. He named people who have the trait Type As and people who did not Type W. A Type A personality is someone who is definitely not strong, thy demonstrate personality traits such as competitiveness, violence and confrontation. A Type M is somebody who shows traits such as comfortable, serenity and lack of time urgency. Additional psychologists looked over the work simply by Friedman and Rosenman, and tested them for different elements. Some of these experiments found the high levels of hostility and aggression in Type Because were the cause of CHD. Williams (1989) viewed controlling risk factors just like age, pounds and smoking cigarettes, and found that there was a hyperlink between violence and CHD. Williams also found that hatred openly expressed is less harmful than hatred repressed. The effort by Friedman and Rosenman can almost become criticised simply by saying is the fact in their theory Type As are more competitive and are better at sporting activities. With physical exercise being a excellent method of keeping away from stress-related illness, why does this not help them decrease the risk of CHD? A model of Character and Disease can help solution this. The Personality-Induced Hyperactivity model shows that health risk is caused by psychological over activity, which is directly a cause by simply personality and a stressful condition. It was located that Type A...
References: Friedman They would. S. 1990. Personality and Disease. Canada: John Wiley and Daughters, Inc
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Carwell, M. Clark simon, L. & Meldrum, C. (2000) Mindset for A level (2nd edition). London: HarperCollins Publishers Limited
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Allen C. (2003) Psychology Today Publication Function by Yoshitaka Tsubono On-line. Available: http://cms.psychologytoday.com/articles/pto-20030606-000001.html